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    Binswanger's Disease

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Binswanger's Disease is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Binswanger encephalopathy
    • multi-infarct dementia, Binswanger type
    • subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy, SAE
    • subcortical dementia
    • subcortical ischemic vascular disease
    • vascular dementia, Binswanger type

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Binswanger disease is a progressive neurological disorder caused by arteriosclerosis and thromboembolism affecting the blood vessels that supply the white-matter and deep structures of the brain (basal ganglia and thalamus). Most patients experience progressive loss of memory and intellectual abilities (dementia), urinary urgency or incontinence, and an abnormally slow, shuffling, unsteady pattern of walking, usually over a 5-10 year period. Due to their vascular etiology, the symptoms and physical findings associated with Binswanger disease may suddenly worsen due to stroke, stabilize and then improve for a brief time, but the patient's overall condition continues to progress as the blood vessels become increasingly obstructed.

    Resources

    National Association for Continence
    P.O. Box 1019
    Charleston, SC 29402-1019
    United States
    Tel: (843)377-0900
    Fax: (342)377-0905
    Tel: (800)252-3337
    Email: memberservices@nafc.org
    Internet: http://www.nafc.org

    Alzheimer's Association
    225 N. Michigan Avenue
    17th Floor
    Chicago, IL 60601
    USA
    Tel: (312)335-8700
    Fax: (866)699-1246
    Tel: (800)272-3900
    TDD: (312)335-5886
    Email: info@alz.org
    Internet: http://www.alz.org

    Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center
    P.O. Box 8250
    Silver Spring, MD 20907-8250
    Tel: (301)495-3311
    Fax: (301)495-3334
    Tel: (800)438-4380
    Email: adear@nia.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers

    NIH/National Institute on Aging
    31 Center Drive, MSC 2292
    Building 31
    Room 5C27
    Bethesda, MD 20892
    Tel: (301)496-1752
    Fax: (301)496-1072
    Tel: (800)222-2225
    TDD: (800)222-4225
    Email: bapquery@nia.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nih.gov/nia

    NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
    P.O. Box 5801
    Bethesda, MD 20824
    Tel: (301)496-5751
    Fax: (301)402-2186
    Tel: (800)352-9424
    TDD: (301)468-5981
    Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 3/8/2012
    Copyright 1989, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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