Skip to content
    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    What Is a Bronchial Adenoma?

    Bronchial adenoma is a rare type of cancer that starts in the mucous glands and ducts of the lung airways (bronchi) or windpipe (trachea), and in the salivary glands.

    Although the word "adenoma" means a noncancerous tumor, most bronchial adenomas are cancer and can spread to other parts of the body. Yet they often grow slowly and are treatable, so if you have one, keep in mind that they have a good outlook.

     

    Types

    These include:

    Carcinoid tumors affect hormone-producing cells and nerve cells. They can form in the lungs, or in the stomach and intestines.

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma usually starts in the salivary glands in the mouth and throat. It also can affect the trachea, tear glands in the eyes, sweat glands, or a woman's uterus, vulva, or breasts.

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma happens in the salivary glands. Most cancers of this type affect the parotid glands in front of the ears.

    Causes

    Doctors don’t know the exact cause. Genes may play a role in some forms of this cancer.

    People with an inherited disease called multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN) are more likely to get lung carcinoid tumors. Having radiation to your head and neck can raise your risk for mucoepidermoid carcinoma.

    Symptoms

    You may not have any symptoms at first, because carcinoid tumors and some other types of bronchial adenomas grow slowly.

    Which kinds of symptoms you eventually get depends on where the cancer is located.

    Carcinoid tumor symptoms include:

    • Cough, sometimes with blood
    • Wheezing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest pain
    • Flushing of the face
    • Infections such as pneumonia

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma symptoms include:

    • Lump on the roof of the mouth, under the tongue, or in the bottom of the mouth
    • Trouble swallowing
    • Hoarse voice
    • Numbness in the jaw, roof of the mouth, face, or tongue
    • Bump under the jaw or in front of the ear

    Mucoepidermoid carcinoma symptoms include:

    • Swelling in the glands near your ears, under your lower jaw, or in your mouth
    • Numbness or weakness of your face
    • Pain in your face

    Diagnosis

    To diagnose bronchial adenoma, your doctor may give you one or more of these tests:

    1 | 2 | 3

    Hot Topics

    WebMD Video: Now Playing

    Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

    Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

    Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

    Popular Slideshows & Tools on WebMD

    disciplining a boy
    Types, symptoms, causes.
    fruit drinks
    Eat these to think better.
    Balding man in mirror
    Treatments & solutions.
    No gym workout
    Moves to help control blood sugar.
    Remember your finger
    Are you getting more forgetful?
    acupuncture needle on shoulder
    10 tips to look and feel good.
    Close up of eye
    12 reasons you're distracted.
    birth control pills
    Which kind is right for you?
    embarrassed woman
    Do you feel guilty after eating?
    woman biting a big ice cube
    Habits that wreck your teeth.
    pacemaker next to xray
    Treatment options.
    Pink badge on woman chest to support breat cancer
    Myths and facts.

    Pollen counts, treatment tips, and more.

    It's nothing to sneeze at.

    Loading ...

    Sending your email...

    This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.

    Thanks!

    Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

    Women's Health Newsletter

    Find out what women really need.