Bruising easily does not mean that you have a serious
health problem, especially if bruising is minimal or only shows up once in a
while. Women bruise more easily than men, especially from minor injuries on the
thighs, buttocks, and upper arms.
Older adults often bruise
easily from minor injuries, especially injuries to the forearms, hands, legs,
and feet. As a person ages, the skin becomes less flexible and thinner because
there is less fat under the skin. The cushioning effect of the skin decreases
as the fat under the skin decreases. These changes, along with skin damage from
exposure to the sun, cause blood vessels to break easily. When blood vessels
break, bruising occurs.
At this time, there is no simple way to prevent hemophilia in someone who inherits a defective gene and thus produces too little clotting factor. If hemophilia runs in your family, you can be tested to see whether you carry the defective gene and receive counseling about your chance for having children with hemophilia.
Gene therapy clinical trials began in early 1999 in an attempt to cure hemophilia, and in vitro fertilization may allow selection and implantation of embryos that lack the hemophilia...