Although medicine cannot reverse
chronic kidney disease, it is often used to help treat
symptoms and complications and to slow further kidney damage.
Medicines to treat high blood pressure
Most people who have chronic kidney disease have problems with high blood pressure at some time during their disease. Medicines that lower blood pressure help to keep it in a target range and stop any more kidney damage. Common blood pressure medicines include:
Goodpasture syndrome is a rare but serious autoimmune disease that attacks the lungs and kidneys.
The disease occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly produces antibodies against collagen in the lungs and kidneys. Collagen is a protein that helps form connective tissue.
Goodpasture syndrome initially causes vague symptoms such as fatigue. But it can rapidly involve the lungs and kidneys. It is almost always fatal if it is not quickly diagnosed and treated.
You may need to try several blood pressure medicines
before you find the medicine that controls your blood pressure well without
bothersome side effects. Most people need to take a combination of medicines to
get the best results. Your doctor may order blood tests 3 to 5 days after
you start or change your medicines. The tests help your doctor make sure that your medicines are working
Medicines to treat symptoms and complications of chronic kidney disease
Medicines may be used to treat symptoms and complications of
chronic kidney disease. These medicines include:
erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy and iron replacement therapy may also be used
during dialysis to treat anemia, which often develops in advanced chronic
Erythropoietin (rhEPO) stimulates the
production of new red blood cells and may decrease the need for blood
transfusions. This therapy may also be started before dialysis is needed, when
anemia is severe and causing symptoms.
Iron therapy can help increase levels
of iron in the body when rhEPO therapy alone is not effective.