Chronic kidney disease is
usually caused by another condition. So the first step is to treat the disease
that is causing kidney damage.
Diabetes and high blood pressure
cause most cases of chronic kidney disease. If you keep your blood pressure and
blood sugar in a target range, you may be able to slow or stop the damage to your
kidneys. Losing weight and getting more exercise can help. You may also need to
Kidney disease is a complex problem. You will
probably need to take a number of medicines and have many tests. To stay as
healthy as possible, work closely with your doctor. Go to all your
appointments. And take your medicines just the way your doctor says to.
Lifestyle changes are an important part of your treatment. Taking these
steps can help slow down kidney disease and reduce your symptoms. These steps may also
help with high blood pressure, diabetes, and other problems that make kidney
- Follow a diet that is easy on your kidneys.
A dietitian can help you make an eating plan with the right amounts of salt
(sodium) and protein. You may also need to watch how much fluid you drink each
- Make exercise a routine part of your life. Work with your
doctor to design an exercise program that is right for you.
not smoke or use tobacco.
- Do not drink alcohol.
Always talk to your doctor before you take
any new medicine, including over-the-counter remedies,
prescription drugs, vitamins, or herbs. Some of these can hurt your kidneys.
kidney function falls below a certain point, it is called
kidney failure. Kidney failure affects your whole
body. It can cause serious heart, bone, and brain problems and make you feel
very ill. Untreated kidney failure can be life-threatening.
When you have kidney failure, you will probably have
two choices: start
dialysis or get a new kidney (transplant). Both of
these treatments have risks and benefits. Talk with your doctor to decide which
would be best for you.
- Dialysis is a process that filters your
blood when your kidneys no longer can. It is not a cure, but it can help you
feel better and live longer.
- Kidney transplant may be the best
choice if you are otherwise healthy. With a new kidney, you will feel much
better and will be able to live a more normal life. But you may have to wait
for a kidney that is a good match for your blood and tissue type. And you will
have to take medicine for the rest of your life to keep your body from
rejecting the new kidney.
Making treatment decisions when you are very ill is hard.
It is normal to be worried and afraid. Discuss your concerns with your loved
ones and your doctor. It may help to visit a dialysis center or transplant
center and talk to others who have made these choices.