The goal of treatment for
chronic kidney disease is to prevent or slow
further damage to your kidneys. Another condition such as
high blood pressure usually causes kidney disease, so
it is important to identify and manage the condition that is causing your
kidney disease. It is also important to prevent diseases and avoid situations
that can cause kidney damage or make it worse.
Treatment to control kidney disease
Control the disease that's causing the kidney damage
One of the most important parts of treatment is to control the disease that
is causing kidney damage. You and your doctor
will create a plan to aggressively treat and manage your condition to help
slow any more damage to your kidneys.
If you have
diabetes, it is important to control your blood sugar
levels with diet, exercise, and medicines. A persistently high blood sugar
level can damage the blood vessels in the kidneys. For more information about kidney disease caused by diabetes, see the topic
If you have high blood pressure, it is also important to control your blood pressure with diet, exercise, and any medicines your doctor prescribes. The goal is to keep your blood
pressure less than 130/80.1 To learn ways to help control your blood pressure, see the topic High Blood Pressure.
If other conditions or diseases are causing kidney damage,
such as a blockage (obstruction) in the urinary tract or long-term use of
medicines that can damage the kidneys, you and your doctor will work out a treatment plan.
Take medicines if prescribed
You may be prescribed a blood pressure
medicine, such as an
ACE inhibitor or an
angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). These medicines
are used to reduce protein in the
urine and help manage high blood pressure. To learn about which medicines you may need to take, see Medications.
Have a healthy lifestyle
You can take steps at home to
help control your kidney disease. For example:
- Follow a diet that is healthy for your kidneys.
A dietitian can help you make an eating plan with the right amounts of salt
(sodium), fluids, and protein. For more information, see:
Kidney Disease: Changing Your Diet.
- Make exercise a routine part of your life. Work with your
doctor to make an exercise program that's right for you.
- Don't use substances that can harm your kidneys, such as alcohol, any kind of tobacco, or illegal drugs. Also, be sure
that your doctor knows about all prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines,
and herbs that you are taking.
To learn more about controlling kidney disease at home, see Home Treatment.
Go to all follow-up visits
will use blood and urine tests to regularly check how well your kidneys are
functioning and whether changes to your treatment plan are needed. These tests are critical to help monitor your disease. The tests