Go to all follow-up visits
Your doctor will use blood and urine tests to regularly check how well your kidneys are functioning and whether changes to your treatment plan are needed. These tests are critical to help monitor your disease. The tests include:
Treat any complications
As the disease gets worse, your symptoms-such as fatigue, nausea, and loss of appetite-may occur more often or become more severe. Work with your doctor to create a treatment plan to help control these symptoms.
If you develop anemia, you may need to take medicine called human recombinant erythropoietin (rhEPO). It helps your body make new red blood cells and may help improve your appetite and general sense of well-being.
You may also need an iron supplement if you have an iron deficiency.
If you develop uremic syndrome (uremia), you will need to have wastes and fluids removed through dialysis or your kidney replaced through a kidney transplant.
Treatment for kidney failure
When your kidney function has fallen below a certain point, it is called kidney failure. Kidney failure has harmful effects throughout your body. It can cause serious heart, bone, and brain problems and can make you feel very ill.
After you have kidney failure, either you will need to have dialysis or you will need a new kidney. Both choices have risks and benefits.
Dialysis is a process that does the work of healthy kidneys by clearing wastes and extra fluid from the body and restoring the proper balance of chemicals (electrolytes) in the blood. You may use dialysis for many years, or it may be a short-term measure while you are waiting for a kidney transplant.
To learn more about dialysis, see Other Treatment.