Some of the things that lead
chronic kidney disease are related to your age and
your genetic makeup. You may be able to control other things that increase your
risk, such as dietary habits and exercise.
Things you cannot control
The main risk factors
for chronic kidney disease are:
Age. The kidneys begin
to get smaller as people get older.
and Native Americans are more likely to get chronic kidney disease.
Being male. Men have a
higher risk for chronic kidney disease than women do.
Family history. Family history is a factor in the development
high blood pressure, the major causes of chronic
Polycystic kidney disease is one of several inherited
diseases that cause kidney failure.
Things you may be able to control
You may be able
to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease and prevent or delay kidney failure by controlling things that increase
your risk of kidney damage, such as:
High blood pressure,
which gradually damages the tiny blood vessels in the kidneys.
Diabetes. A persistently high
blood sugar level can damage blood vessels in the kidneys. Over time, kidney
damage can progress, and the kidneys may stop working altogether.
Eating protein and fats. Eating a diet
low in protein and fat may reduce your risk for kidney