The little glassy-eyed creatures may look cute and harmless, but small turtles can make people very ill. Turtles commonly carry bacteria called Salmonella on their outer skin and shell surfaces. People can get Salmonella by coming in contact with turtles or their habitats.
Salmonella can cause a serious or even life-threatening infection in people, even though the bacteria do not make turtles sick. An example is the 2007 death of a four-week-old baby in Florida linked to Salmonella from a small...
A ruptured spleen. The risk of this is greatest
in the second or third week of the illness. It can be the first sign of mono in a
small number of people. A ruptured spleen requires immediate
Airway obstruction and difficulty breathing, which may be
caused by severely swollen tonsils that block the throat.
Corticosteroids may be given to reduce swelling. In
severe cases, the tonsils may need to be removed surgically
Cardiac problems, such as irregular heart rhythms, which
can occur during the first 3 weeks of mono. These types of problems usually resolve on their own.
While it is not a complication specific to mono, a serious
disease known as
Reye syndrome can develop if you give aspirin to
a person younger than 20 to treat symptoms of mono.
Aspirin should not be used to treat symptoms of mono. Other medicines, such as acetaminophen (for example, Tylenol) or ibuprofen (for example, Advil) can help relieve fever and pain caused by
mono. Follow all instructions on the label.
Even if you have a complication of mono, it is likely
that you will recover completely.
Johannsen EC, Kaye KM (2010). Epstein-Barr virus
(infectious mononucleosis, Epstein-Barr virus-associated malignant diseases, and other diseases). In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1989-2010. Philadelphia:
Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
American Public Health Association
(2008). Mononucleosis, infectious. In DL Heymann, ed.,
Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 19th
ed., pp. 428-430. Washington, DC: American Public Health
Levin MJ, Weinberg A (2011). Infectious
mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr virus) section of Infections: Viral and rickettsial. In WW Hay Jr et al., eds.,
Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Pediatrics, 20th ed.,
pp. 1131-1133. New York: McGraw Hill Medical.
Primary Medical Reviewer
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
W. David Colby IV, MSc, MD, FRCPC - Infectious Disease
July 28, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 28, 2011
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