Evaluate Need for Preventive Aspirin
What It Does: A small daily dose of aspirin can help prevent heart disease and stroke in certain people.
How Often: If you're a man between the ages of 45 and 79 or a woman between the ages of 55 and 79, ask your doctor about the benefits of aspirin for you at your physical exam each year.
Blood Pressure Test
What It Does: Checks for high blood pressure, which increases the risk for heart disease and strokes, in adults age 18 and older.
How Often: Every two years if your blood pressure is lower than 120/80. Every year if your blood pressure is higher than 120/80.
What It Does: Measures levels of cholesterol in your blood to evaluate your risk of developing heart disease and having a stroke. For the test, you give a small sample of blood, preferably after fasting for about 12 hours.
How Often: Every 5 years for adults age 20 and older. If your cholesterol is high, you'll be monitored more frequently.
Colorectal Cancer Test
What It Does: Your doctor has several ways to check you for colon and rectal cancer. Some tests, such as the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), check for blood in your stool. Other tests, such as a colonoscopy, look for abnormal growths in your colon and rectum.
How Often: After age 50 and until age 75, your doctor may recommend a colonoscopy every 10 years. Other options are a yearly FOBT or a sigmoidoscopy every 5 years. If you have a family history of colon or rectal cancer or if your doctor says you have a higher risk for another reason, you may need to be checked more frequently.
Depression Screening Test
What It Does: Checks for signs of depression in adults by asking a series of questions.
How Often: At your physical exam each year.