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Coxsackie Virus

What is coxsackievirus?

Coxsackievirus is a member of a family of viruses called enteroviruses. Enteroviruses are made up of a single strand of ribonucleic acid (RNA). The enteroviruses are also referred to as picornaviruses (pico means "small," so, "small RNA virues").

Coxsackievirus was first found in the town Coxsackie south of Albany, New York.

Recommended Related to Infectious Diseases

Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome

Important It is possible that the main title of the report Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Read the Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome article > >

What are the types of coxsackieviruses and what can they cause?

There are two different types of coxsackieviruses: A and B. Type A viruses cause herpangina (sores in the throat) and hand, foot, and mouth disease. Type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia, and inflammation in the chest. Both types A and B viruses can cause meningitis (inflammation of the spinal cord or brain), myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle), and pericarditis (inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart). They also may have a role in the development of acute onset juvenile (type 1) diabetes.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on October 29, 2013

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