may have a mild infection in the urinary tract after cystoscopy. This can
usually be prevented or treated by taking medicine before and after the test.
In rare cases, the infection can spread through the body, and in very rare
circumstances, usually with seriously ill people, the infection can be
Another rare complication is a puncture of the
urethra or bladder by one of the instruments, which requires surgery to
After the test
After the test, you may need to
urinate frequently, with some burning during and after urination for a day or
two. Drink lots of fluids to help minimize the burning and to prevent a urinary
A pinkish tinge to the urine is common for
several days after cystoscopy, particularly if a biopsy was performed. But call
your doctor immediately if:
- Your urine remains red or you see blood clots after you have
urinated several times.
- You have not been able to urinate 8 hours after the
- You have a fever, chills, or severe pain in your flank or
belly. These may be signs of a
- You have symptoms of a
urinary tract infection. These symptoms include:
- Pain or burning upon urination.
- An urge to urinate frequently, but usually passing only small
quantities of urine.
- Dribbling or leakage of urine.
- Urine that is reddish or pinkish, foul-smelling, or
- Pain or a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen.
Cystoscopy is a test that allows the
doctor to look at the inside of the
bladder and the
urethra. Your doctor may be able to talk to you about
some of the results right after the cystoscopy. The results of a
biopsy usually take several days to be
| Normal: |
The urethra, bladder, and
ureters are normal.
There are no
polyps or other abnormal tissues, swelling, bleeding,
narrow areas (strictures), or structural abnormalities.
| Abnormal: |
There is swelling or narrowing of the urethra because of
previous infections or an enlarged
prostate gland .
There are bladder tumors (cancerous or benign), polyps,
urinary stones, or inflammation of the bladder walls.
Abnormalities in the structure of the
urinary tract present since birth (congenital) are
In a woman, pelvic organ prolapse is present.
What Affects the Test
A cystoscopy is usually not done
if you have an infection of the bladder, prostate gland, or urethra.
What To Think About
X-ray tests, such as retrograde pyelography or
cystourethrography, may also be done during cystoscopy.
To learn more, see:
Other Works Consulted
Chernecky CC, Berger BJ (2008). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 5th ed. St. Louis:
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009).
Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed.
Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.