The cause of
Ménière's disease is unknown, but it may be related to
a fluid imbalance in the inner ear. This fluid (endolymph) is
contained in a part of the inner ear called the endolymphatic sac.
An endolymphatic shunt is a small tube inserted in the endolymphatic
sac to allow excess fluid (endolymph) to drain. By removing the excess fluid,
pressure does not build up and
vertigo does not occur.
If you or your child has an earache that is accompanied (in some cases) by a stuffy or runny nose and a sore throat and fever, it is likely that the ear pain is due to an ear infection.
Your doctor will examine the eardrum with an instrument called an otoscope for signs of infection -- not an easy task if the patient is a fussy infant. The doctor may also check for blockage or filling of the middle ear using a pneumatic otoscope, which blows a little air at the eardrum. This air should cause the...