Facial or sinus pressure, mild headache, or nasal stuffiness are common with a cold or flu. Home treatment can help relieve your symptoms.
Drink plenty of fluids. Extra fluids help keep mucus thin and draining, which may help prevent blockage of the sinuses.
Use a humidifier to keep the air in your home moist.
Inhale steam from a vaporizer, or take long, steamy showers. You may also try breathing the moist air from a bowl of hot water. Put a towel over your head and the bowl to trap the moist air. Make sure the water isn't too hot. Be careful not to get burned by the hot water or steam.
Use saltwater nasal washes to help keep the nasal passages open and wash out mucus and bacteria. People who have postnasal drip and are age 8 and older can gargle often with warm salt water to help prevent a sore throat. [Add 1 tsp (5 g) salt to 16 fl oz (500 mL) of water.]
Put warm, wet compresses on your eyes and cheekbones if you have pain around that area. Washcloths dipped in hot water work well. Make sure the water is not too hot so you do not get burned.
Avoid alcohol. It makes the tissues lining your nose and sinuses swell up.
Do not swim in chlorinated swimming pools. Chlorine can irritate nasal and sinus linings.
Elevate your head at night. Some people find it helpful to sleep on 2 or 3 pillows.
Decongestants may not be safe for young children or for people who have certain health problems. Before you use them, check the label. If you do use these medicines, always follow the directions about how much to use based on age and, in some cases, weight.
Don't use a nasal decongestant longer than the label says. Continued use may lead to a rebound effect, which causes the mucous membranes to become more swollen than they were before you started using the spray.