Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Information and Resources

Font Size

Relative Power

What visiting rights do grandparents have?

WebMD Feature

March 13, 2000 (Palo Alto, Calif.) -- All that Gary and Jenifer Troxel wantedwas to watch their granddaughters grow up -- to see them on holidays andweekends and even a couple of weeks in the summertime.

All that Tommie Granville Wynn wanted was to get on with her life and create a new family for her two daughters after her partner, their father, committed suicide.

Unfortunately, Tommie's partner was Gary and Jenifer's son.

And the ensuing seven-year battle between the grandparents, Gary and Jenifer Troxel, and the mother, Tommie Granville Wynn, has led to a landmark lawsuit, now before the U.S. Supreme Court, that raises tough questions about the limits of parenting and grandparenting.

At issue is the constitutionality of a far-reaching Washington state law allowing "any person at any time" to petition the court for the right to visit a child, even if the parents object.

Chief Justice William Rehnquist put it best: "To what extent can a court intervene on parents when there is no harm to the children?" he asked during oral arguments, which took place on Jan. 12. "Does this mean a great-aunt can come in and say, 'I want to take them to the movies every Friday'?"

"At its core, the legal question is how to balance parents' basic and comprehensive authority over children and the state's right to interfere," says Carol Sanger, a professor of family law at Columbia University.

"This has become a legal question, when in many ways it's a question of family dynamics," she adds. "In my view, any time you have to resort to the courts for such a decision the family is already in big trouble."

The Test Case: Complex and Unclear

Indeed, the facts in Troxel v. Granville are complex.

Brad Troxel and Tommie Granville never married but lived together in Skagit County, north of Seattle. They had two daughters -- Natalie, now 10 years old, and Isabelle, now 7 -- before separating in 1991, before Isabelle was born. Brad went to live with his parents in nearby Mount Vernon, Wash., where the girls visited regularly.

Two years later, everything changed.

Brad, who suffered from chronic depression, committed suicide. Later that year, Tommie married Kelly Wynn, a local businessman with two children of his own. Wynn adopted Natalie and Isabelle; Tommie also had three children from a previous marriage. Then Tommie got pregnant. Suddenly, the brood numbered eight.

During the stressful time of building a new family, Tommie cut back the Troxels' visits with Natalie, then 3, and Isabelle, then 18 months, to one day a month. In a brief later filed with the Supreme Court, Tommie said she asked the Troxels "to respect her efforts to nurture" her new family. Instead, they pressed for overnight visits every other weekend plus holidays and two weeks in the summer.

Hot Topics

WebMD Video: Now Playing

Click here to wach video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Which sex is the worst about washing up? Why is it so important? We’ve got the dirty truth on how and when to wash your hands.

Click here to watch video: Dirty Truth About Hand Washing

Popular Slideshows & Tools on WebMD

hands on abdomen
Can you catch one?
Woman sitting in front of UV lights
Is yours working?
woman using breath spray
What's causing yours?
womans hand on abdomen
Are you ready for baby?
MS Overview
Recognizing symptoms.
bowl of yogurt with heart shape
Eat for a healthy heart.
woman doing pushups
To help you get fit.
Colored x-ray of tooth decay
Know what to look for.
Woman sitting with child
Do you know the symptoms?
mosquito
Stings, bites, burns, and more.
Allentown, PA
Are you living in one?
Thyroid exam
See how much you know.

Women's Health Newsletter

Find out what women really need.