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    Stem Cell Treatments: 6 False-Hope Warning Signs

    Unproven, Risky Treatments Mislead Patients to Seek Cutting-Edge Therapy

    No Results, No Regrets

    Twice, Dawn Gusty paid $27,000 for stem cell treatments at a clinic in Tijuana, Mexico. Twice, her care there was completely out of step with accepted medical care for her multiple sclerosis.

    Twice, the procedure didn't work. Still, Gusty, of Kingston Springs, Tenn., isn't second-guessing herself. She had gone looking for something better than what her U.S. doctors could offer.

    "I was being treated by the book, but I am not a textbook case of MS," Gusty tells WebMD. "It was doing no good."

    In Tijuana, Gusty got heavy metal chelation , growth hormone shots, drugs to stimulate the production of blood cells, and chemotherapy . Bone marrow drained from her leg was injected directly into her spine, into her muscle, and infused into her bloodstream.

    After her first visit, she felt more energetic, although she was disappointed that her condition didn't improve much. After the second treatment, she says she felt "a slight improvement, and then I settled into the same condition I had been in."

    Still, she sees a different kind of value in it. "I learned so much," she says. "It changed my direction and put me on the path I am on now. I am not seeing a traditional neurologist, and not taking standard medicine."

    6 Warning Signs

    The International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR), a group of established stem cell researchers concerned with the proliferation of unproven treatments, has issued a patient handbook on stem cell therapies.

    The ISSCR advises patients to seek only stem cell treatments being tested in clinical trials approved by the FDA (or, if abroad, by a national regulatory agency such as the European Medicines Agency). It also allows for smaller studies approved by an independent Institutional Review Board (IRB) or Ethics Review Board (ERB).

    The ISSCR lists these warning signs that a stem cell treatment is not legitimate:

    1. It makes claims based on patient testimonials.
    2. The same stem cells are used to treat multiple diseases.
    3. The source of the stem cells is not clearly documented.
    4. How the treatment will be done is not clearly documented in a "protocol" that serves as the medical practitioner's operating manual for the procedure.
    5. Claims there is no risk. All medical procedures carry some risk.
    6. High cost or hidden costs. Legitimate clinical trials don't charge patients. Some even pay them to participate.

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