Flaking and crusting of the scalp can be caused by many
conditions. Some of these respond well to home treatment, including:
Cradle cap, an oily, yellow crusting on a baby's
scalp. It is common in babies and is not a part of any illness. Having cradle
cap does not imply that a baby is not being well cared for.
Dandruff, a shedding of the skin on the scalp that leads to white flakes on the
head, neck, and shoulders. It may be caused by a form of a skin condition
eczema, which causes increased shedding of normal
scalp skin cells. Dandruff can also be caused by a
fungal infection. Hormonal or seasonal changes may
make dandruff worse.
Head lice, tiny wingless
insects that cause itching and raw patches on the scalp. Head lice are most
common in school-age children.
Scalp conditions that may need medical treatment
Ringworm, an infection of the outer
layer of the scalp and in the hair. It usually causes a rash made up of
circular patches with raised, red edges that resemble worms. The rash spreads
from these edges, often leaving the center clear, giving it a ring