Your Kidneys and How They Work
Points to Remember
Your kidneys are vital organs, keeping
your blood clean and chemically balanced.
The progression of kidney disease can be
slowed, but it cannot be reversed.
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the
total loss of kidney function.
Dialysis and transplantation can extend
the lives of people with ESRD.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the
two leading causes of kidney failure.
You should see a nephrologist regularly if
you have renal disease.
If you are in the early stages of renal
disease, you may be able to save your remaining renal function for many years
Controlling your blood sugar.
Controlling your blood
Following a low-protein diet.
Maintaining healthy levels of cholesterol
in your blood.
Taking an ACE inhibitor if you have
National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
3 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892-3580
The National Kidney and Urologic Diseases
Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) is a service of the National Institute of
Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). The NIDDK is part of the
National Institutes of Health under the U.S. Public Health Service. Established
in 1987, the clearinghouse provides information about diseases of the kidneys
and urologic system to people with kidney and urologic disorders and to their
families, health care professionals, and the public. NKUDIC answers inquiries;
develops, reviews, and distributes publications; and works closely with
professional and patient organizations and Government agencies to coordinate
resources about kidney and urologic diseases.
Publications produced by the clearinghouse
are carefully reviewed for scientific accuracy, content, and