Even though you have been
discharged from the hospital, you still need to visit your doctor regularly for
follow-up visits. He or she will watch your condition, discuss any
limitations on activities or diet, and prescribe medicines. Be sure you let
your doctor know about any other medicines (such as nonprescription
painkillers) that you take, as these medicines may interact with the ones
your doctor has already prescribed.
The following are some
things your doctor may discuss with you.
Anticoagulant medicine after surgery. You will need to take
anticoagulants for a few weeks after surgery to prevent dangerous blood clots that might happen while you recover. If your new valve is a
mechanical heart valve, you will need to take anticoagulants for the rest of
your life, as your blood may continually clot in response to the materials in
your artificial heart valve. If your new valve is a biological heart valve (made from
animal or human tissue), you may need to take anticoagulants for at least the
first few weeks after surgery.
Diet during recovery. In order to alleviate
constipation caused by painkillers, you will need to eat a diet rich in fruit and
fiber. In general, while your body heals, eating foods rich in
vitamins and nutrients is best.
Physical activity/exercise. Your doctor will
recommend that you follow a routine of regular exercise. To help you develop
such a routine, you may need to work with a physical therapist or go to a
cardiac rehabilitation program, where trained professionals will help you
design a regimen that does not harm you but gives you the minimum workout
that you need. Keep in mind that exercise at this time does not need to be
strenuous. Even a regular walking routine can be very helpful. You should
gradually increase the amount and intensity of any physical activity you do,
taking care not to strain yourself. Also, try to take 10 to 20 deep
breaths every 2 to 4 hours while you are awake. This will help keep your
Sleep. It is important to set a normal
sleeping pattern. Try to avoid naps and do not take sleeping pills unless it is
absolutely necessary to do so.
Hygiene. You need to wash your surgical incisions
daily with soap and water. You can do this while you shower. Immediately
report to your doctor any signs of infection, such as swelling or redness.
Smoking. It is very important that you do not
smoke while you are recovering from heart surgery. If you think you will have
difficulty with this, ask your doctor for information on smoking cessation