Exams and Tests
A doctor can evaluate
hemorrhoids to rule out other, more serious problems.
A number of conditions that affect the anus and colon (large intestine) can
cause bleeding, mucus drainage, itching, and discomfort. Most people who have
these symptoms think they have hemorrhoids, but often they do not.
If hemorrhoids are present, the doctor will evaluate their
location and size and develop a treatment plan based on the hemorrhoids'
degree of severity .
The diagnosis of hemorrhoids is based on a
medical history and
physical exam. A
digital rectal exam and an
anoscopy may be the only tests needed at first. Your
doctor will decide which tests to use. If hemorrhoids are the obvious cause of
rectal bleeding, you are younger than age 50, and you do not have risk factors
for colon cancer, you may not need more tests.
To make sure
nothing else (like colon cancer) is causing your symptoms, you may need other
tests, such as:
These tests are not used routinely to diagnose