How It Feels
You will feel no discomfort from the
X-rays. The X-ray table may feel hard and the room may be cool. You may find
that the positions you need to hold are uncomfortable.
feel a brief sting when the needle is inserted into the vein in your arm. When
the contrast material is injected, you may feel slight burning in your arm and
flushing throughout your body. You may also notice a salty or metallic taste in
The compression belt may feel tight. If it is painful,
tell the technologist and ask that it be readjusted.
You may feel
slightly weak, nauseated, or lightheaded for a short time after the
There is always a slight chance of damage to
cells or tissue from radiation, including the low levels of radiation used for
this test. But the chance of damage from the X-rays is usually very low
compared with the benefits of the test.
There is slight risk of
having an allergic reaction to the contrast material. The reaction can be mild
(itching, rash) or severe (trouble breathing or sudden shock). Death
resulting from an allergic reaction is very rare. Most reactions can be
controlled with medicine. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have
asthma or allergies of any kind, such as hay fever,
iodine allergy, bee stings, or food allergies.
People with certain
conditions (such as diabetes,
multiple myeloma, chronic kidney disease,
sickle cell disease, or
pheochromocytoma) have increased chances of having
sudden kidney failure from IVP. Older adults and people taking medicines that
affect the kidney may also have increased chances for problems after an
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an
X-ray test that provides pictures of the kidneys, the
ureters, and the
urethra (urinary tract ). Your
doctor may be able to talk to you about some results right away. Complete
results are usually ready in 1 to 2 days.
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
| Normal: |
The kidneys, ureters, and bladder are normal
in position, size, and shape.
The contrast material reaches the kidneys in
a normal amount of time.
No blockage can be seen in the kidneys,
ureters, or bladder.
In men, the
prostate gland looks normal in position, size, and
| Abnormal: |
The kidneys, ureters, or bladder may be
abnormal in position, size, or shape. A kidney may be absent, or an extra
kidney or ureter may be present.
The kidneys are too large or too
contrast material takes longer than normal to reach a
An abnormal growth (such as a tumor), one or
abscess, or a
kidney stone is seen.
A kidney is
swollen with urine from a blockage such as a tumor or kidney stone.
Injury to the kidney, ureter, or bladder is
The kidney contains scarring.
In men, the prostate gland is too