Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an
X-ray test that provides pictures of the kidneys, the
ureters, and the
urethra (urinary tract ). Your
doctor may be able to talk to you about some results right away. Complete
results are usually ready in 1 to 2 days.
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
The kidneys, ureters, and bladder are normal
in position, size, and shape.
The contrast material reaches the kidneys in
a normal amount of time.
No blockage can be seen in the kidneys,
ureters, or bladder.
In men, the
prostate gland looks normal in position, size, and
The kidneys, ureters, or bladder may be
abnormal in position, size, or shape. A kidney may be absent, or an extra
kidney or ureter may be present.
The kidneys are too large or too
contrast material takes longer than normal to reach a
An abnormal growth (such as a tumor), one or
abscess, or a
kidney stone is seen.
A kidney is
swollen with urine from a blockage such as a tumor or kidney stone.
Injury to the kidney, ureter, or bladder is
The kidney contains scarring.
In men, the prostate gland is too
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to
have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:
- Being unable to remain still during the
- Having a large amount of stool (feces) or gas in the large
- Having a recent test with barium (such as a
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is not usually done for a
pregnant woman because the X-rays could damage the growing baby. If a view of a
pregnant woman's kidneys is needed, an
ultrasound test may be done instead.