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Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)

Results

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an X-ray test that provides pictures of the kidneys, the bladder, the ureters, and the urethra (urinary tract camera.gif). Your doctor may be able to talk to you about some results right away. Complete results are usually ready in 1 to 2 days.

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
Normal:

The kidneys, ureters, and bladder are normal in position, size, and shape.

The contrast material reaches the kidneys in a normal amount of time.

No blockage can be seen in the kidneys, ureters, or bladder.

In men, the prostate gland looks normal in position, size, and shape.

Abnormal:

The kidneys, ureters, or bladder may be abnormal in position, size, or shape. A kidney may be absent, or an extra kidney or ureter may be present.

The kidneys are too large or too small.

The contrast material takes longer than normal to reach a kidney.

An abnormal growth (such as a tumor), one or more cysts, an abscess, or a kidney stone is seen.

A kidney is swollen with urine from a blockage such as a tumor or kidney stone.

Injury to the kidney, ureter, or bladder is seen.

The kidney contains scarring.

In men, the prostate gland is too large.

What Affects the Test

Reasons you may not be able to have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:

  • Being unable to remain still during the test.
  • Having a large amount of stool (feces) or gas in the large intestine (colon).
  • Having a recent test with barium (such as a barium enema).

An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is not usually done for a pregnant woman because the X-rays could damage the growing baby. If a view of a pregnant woman's kidneys is needed, an ultrasound test may be done instead.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: July 29, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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