Nephrotic syndrome occurs when the kidneys are not working properly. Healthy
kidneys filter out excess water, salts, and other things from the blood in our
body. Large amounts of protein and minerals are lost through urine when kidneys
have damaged filters. The body is left without enough protein to soak up water.
As a result, the water moves from the blood supply into body tissues. This
causes swelling in the tissues where the water pools.
common areas of swelling are in the face around the eyes and in the ankles and
feet. Fluid can also collect in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe.
Glomerulosclerosis refers to scarring or hardening of the glomeruli -- blood vessels located in the kidneys. The glomeruli filter the blood as it passes through the kidneys. They remove waste fluids that then leave the body as urine.
Damaged glomeruli can't perform their job adequately. As a result, large amounts of protein from the blood leak into the urine rather than remaining in the bloodstream. This leads to a condition called proteinuria.
Glomerulosclerosis can affect children and adults...