Orthotic shoe devices are made of rubber, plastic, or other molded
material and are inserted into the shoe. Orthotics for the
Achilles tendon stabilize the arch and raise the heel so that there is less pull
on the tendon.
Orthotics can usually be found at drugstores or sporting goods
stores. Ask your health professional how to use one. Custom-made devices,
available by prescription, may fit better and be more effective in controlling
pain. But they can be expensive, and most insurance companies do not cover
To determine if you may have a bunion, look for an angular, bony bump on the side of the foot at the base of the big toe. Sometimes hardened skin or a callus covers the bump.
There's often swelling, redness, unusual tenderness, and/or pain at the base of the big toe and in the ball of the foot. Eventually, the area becomes shiny and warm to the touch.