Orthotic shoe devices are made of rubber, plastic, or other molded
material and are inserted into the shoe. Orthotics for the
Achilles tendon stabilize the arch and raise the heel so that there is less pull
on the tendon.
Orthotics can usually be found at drugstores or sporting goods
stores. Ask your health professional how to use one. Custom-made devices,
available by prescription, may fit better and be more effective in controlling
pain. But they can be expensive, and most insurance companies do not cover
To find out whether a hard patch of skin is a callus or a wart, your doctor will scrape some skin off the affected area.
Warts bleed in a characteristic pattern. Calluses do not; they just reveal more dead skin.
Warts are viral and require specific treatment. Most calluses are corrected by a variety of measures, including a change in shoes, trimming of the calluses, and sometimes surgery.