Medicine. Over-the-counter and prescription medicines come in liquid, chewable tablet, and pill forms. Women who are pregnant or
breast-feeding and children younger than 2 should not take over-the-counter
medicine without first talking to a doctor about the risks and benefits of the
Steps to prevent reinfection and the spread of infection,
hand-washing and routine washing of clothes and
bedding. These measures are important and helpful even if medicine is not being
Public health scientists verified that a common virus -- a coronavirus -- that has become more severe as the likely cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Many people wonder just how scientists know that the cause is a virus and, more importantly, this particular virus.
In 1890, Robert Koch described the basis rules that scientists use to determine if an infectious organism causes a specific disease. These four rules are called "Koch's postulates."
The organism must be found in...
Signs and symptoms of pinworm infection are
present, such as itching around the
Pinworm infection of family members
and other close contacts is likely.
If severe itching is present, your doctor may prescribe a
soothing cream to be applied to the anal area. If complications of pinworm
infection develop, additional treatments may be needed.
can return to school after taking the first dose of medicine, bathing, and
trimming and scrubbing their nails. At that time they can also take part in
regular activities, such as swimming, sports, and after-school events.
What To Think About
Many people with pinworm
infections do not have symptoms and do not need treatment to cure the
infection. The infection may go away on its own, although this may take up to
14 weeks (two pinworm life cycles).
Some doctors suggest treating
all close contacts of a person with pinworms even if there are no symptoms.
Treating contacts with over-the-counter medicine can help prevent reinfection
and the spread of pinworms to other people. This is especially important in
households where pinworm infections come and go.
Treatment of all
household members may be recommended if someone in the household is pregnant,
breast-feeding, or younger than 2. These people may not be able to take pinworm
medicine, and their chance of infection may be lower if all other members of
the household are treated.
It is usually suggested that people
with symptoms get a second treatment 2 weeks after the first treatment to kill
any adult worms that may have hatched from eggs during that time. Pinworm
medicine does not kill pinworm eggs.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
September 02, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this