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Prolotherapy for Low Back Pain

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Topic Overview

Prolotherapy involves injecting a substance into the body to promote the growth of normal cells, tissues, or organs. There are three types of prolotherapy. The type used to treat joint pain is called inflammatory prolotherapy.

In inflammatory prolotherapy, a sugar water solution (dextrose) is injected into a weakened ligament near where the ligament attaches to the bone. The injection is intended to cause inflammation. The body responds to the inflammation by increasing blood flow to the area and stimulating the ligament to repair itself. Usually, a person would have a series of 4 to 6 treatments, each about 2 weeks apart.

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A review of several studies suggests that prolotherapy injections alone may not be helpful for chronic low back pain. But they may reduce pain and help you be more active if they are used in addition to other treatment such as exercise and spinal manipulation.1 A separate review concludes that prolotherapy may not work.2

The biggest risk in prolotherapy treatment is nerve damage from an injection placed too close to a nerve. There are also no established guidelines for the procedure at this time. Most pain experts do not recommend prolotherapy for low back pain.

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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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