Eilert RE (2005). Trauma section of Orthopedics. In WW Hay Jr et al., Current Pediatric Diagnosis and Treatment, 17th ed., pp. 818-820. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Hopkins-Mann C, et al. (2004). Upper extremity injuries section of Musculoskeletal disorders in children. In JE Tintinalli et al., eds., Emergency Medicine, 6th ed., pp. 878-882. New York: McGraw-Hill.