Scarlet fever is a term used
forstrep throatwith a rash. Scarlet fever is most common
in children ages 2 to 10, but it can affect people of any age.
What causes scarlet fever?
Scarlet fever is caused
by streptococcal (strep) bacteria, the same bacteria that cause strep throat.
There are many different strains of strep bacteria, some of which cause more
serious illness than others. The type of strep that infects the throat and
causes scarlet fever is called group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus
It is possible that the main title of the report Hand-Foot-Mouth Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
yellow spots or coating on the throat and tonsils.
nodes in the neck.
Other symptoms that appear before the rash, especially in
children, may include general body aches, headache, stomachache, nausea,
vomiting, or listlessness. Scarlet fever usually doesn't occur with cold
symptoms, such as sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, or cough.
more information on strep throat, see the topicStrep Throat.
The most noticeable symptom
of scarlet fever is a rough, red rash that feels like fine sandpaper. The rash
usually appears 24 hours after the fever starts. The rash begins on the chest
and abdomen and then spreads over the rest of the body within 1 to 2 days. The
rash and redness are more apparent in skin folds, especially in the groin,
armpits, and elbow creases. It usually fades in about a week, and at that time
the skin may begin to peel.
After the skin starts to peel, bright
red spots may appear on the tongue, giving it an appearance called "strawberry
How is scarlet fever diagnosed?
Diagnosis of scarlet
fever is usually based on a medical history, an examination of the throat, and
a rapid strep test or throat culture to test for strep bacteria. One or both of
these tests are needed to confirm infection with strep bacteria.
How is it treated?
Scarlet fever and the strep
infection that causes it are treated with antibiotics.