Most back injuries are caused by lifting or twisting and are not
serious. Minor injuries can also result from overuse of the muscles and
ligaments in the back. Back pain caused by a minor injury will usually go away
by itself within 1 to 4 weeks.
Moderate back injuries may result from tripping or falling short
distances. They frequently involve excessive twisting of the spine.
Severe back injuries are more likely to cause more serious problems.
Severe back injuries may be caused by:
High-energy injuries, such as motor vehicle
accidents, falls from significant heights, and major sports-related
Direct blows to the spine from moving
Blows that transmit significant force to the spine, such
as being struck on top of the head or falling on the
Penetrating injuries, such as gunshot wounds or stab
Severe back injuries must be checked by a doctor right away.