Side effects of hormone therapies for dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Hormone therapy for
dysfunctional uterine bleeding is used to balance
estrogen levels, reducing irregular menstrual
bleeding. Most women gain some relief from irregular menstrual bleeding while
using hormone therapy. Side effects are common but often mild.
Progestin side effects
Common side effects of high-dose
High-dose progestin pills used to treat uterine bleeding are not
the same progestin pills used for birth control. If you wish to prevent
pregnancy, use a dependable form of birth control. A levonorgestrelintrauterine device (IUD) or a combination estrogen-progestin birth control
pill is a better choice for preventing pregnancy.1
Levonorgestrel (LNg) IUD side effects
The levonorgestrel IUD is less likely to
cause troublesome side effects than high-dose progestin.
Common levonorgestrel-related side effects include bloating, weight
gain, and breast tenderness.
temporary increase in menstrual bleeding (including the number of menstrual
days and bleeding between periods). This side effect usually subsides after the
first few months of use.
Birth control pills
Side effects of estrogen-progestin
birth control pills are generally mild. When they
occur, they are usually the most severe during the first few months of use and
then, in most cases, gradually disappear. The most common side effects
Smoking increases your risk of developing serious side effects.
Speroff L, Fritz MA (2005). Dysfunctional uterine
bleeding. In L Speroff, MA Fritz, eds., Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility, 7th ed., pp. 548-571. Philadelphia:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Duckitt K, Collins S (2006). Menorrhagia, search date
September 2006. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence.
Also available online: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
Kathe Gallagher, MSW
Debby Golonka, MPH
Susan Van Houten, RN, BSN, MBA
Pat Truman, MATC
Primary Medical Reviewer
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Liisa Honey, MD, FRCSC - Obstetrics and Gynecology
February 12, 2008
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
February 12, 2008
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