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    Toe, Foot, and Ankle Injuries

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    Prevention

    The following tips may prevent toe, foot, or ankle injuries.

    Toe, foot, and ankle tips

    • Avoid problems by wearing good footwear. Wear comfortable, supportive shoes.
    • Do not walk barefoot in areas such as streets and parks where you have an increased risk of stepping on an object.
    • Use a rubber mat to stand on if your work requires you to stand on hard surfaces. This will help to reduce stress on your feet.
    • Buy new running shoes often. Experts recommend getting new athletic shoes every 3 months or after 500 miles of wear. Overworn shoes may not absorb shock well or provide traction or protection.
    • Reduce your risk of reinjury by wrapping your foot or ankle or wearing a supportive brace during activities or exercises where injury is a risk.
    • Prevent blisters caused by poorly fitting shoes or socks.
    • Do exercises for heel pain and tightness. This is especially important for athletes before they participate in sports. It is also helpful for people who are not involved with sports.
    • To help prevent foot injuries and problems:
      • Wear good athletic shoes, such as shoes with cushioned soles (especially heels) and good arch support. Physical therapists, orthopedists, podiatrists, and sports medicine health professionals can advise you.
      • Buy new shoes every few months, because padding wears out. Also buy new shoes if the tread or heels wear down. The expense is worth preventing ongoing (chronic) foot or ankle problems.
      • Be reasonable in your training:
        • Stretch your foot, ankle, and leg muscles before and after exercise.
        • Avoid rapidly increasing the number of miles you run, running or training uphill, and running on hard surfaces, such as concrete.
        • Avoid excessive sprinting (short, rapid bursts of running).
    • Never cut calluses and corns with a razor or a pocketknife.
    • Avoid foot problems or injuries, especially if you have diabetes.

    Reduce falls

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    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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