Total Serum Protein
There is very little chance of a problem from having a blood sample
taken from a vein.
- You may get a small bruise at the site. You can
lower the chance of bruising by keeping pressure on the site for several
- In rare cases, the vein may become swollen after the blood
sample is taken. This problem is called phlebitis. A warm compress can be used
several times a day to treat this.
- Ongoing bleeding can be a
problem for people with bleeding disorders. Aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), and
other blood-thinning medicines can make bleeding more likely. If you have
bleeding or clotting problems, or if you take blood-thinning medicine, tell
your doctor before your blood sample is taken.
A total serum protein test is a blood test that measures the
amounts of total
protein, albumin, and globulin in the blood. Results
are usually available within 12 hours.
The normal values listed here—called a reference range—are just a guide. These ranges vary from lab to lab, and your lab may have a different range for what's normal. Your lab report should contain the range your lab uses. Also, your doctor will evaluate your results based on your health and other factors. This means that a value that falls outside the normal values listed here may still be normal for you or your lab.
Total serum protein1
6.4–8.3 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or 64–83 grams per liter (g/L)
3.5–5.0 g/dL or 35–50 g/L
0.1–0.3 g/dL or 1–3 g/L
0.6–1.0 g/dL or 6–10 g/L
0.7–1.1 g/dL or 7–11 g/L
High albumin levels may be caused by:
High globulin levels may be caused by:
Low albumin levels may be caused by:
- A poor diet
- Liver disease.
- An autoimmune disease, such as
lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Gastrointestinal malabsorption syndromes, such as
- Heart failure.
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to have the test or why the results may
not be helpful include:
- Taking medicines, such as
estrogens, male sex
androgens), growth hormone, or
- Injuries or
- Prolonged bed rest, such as during a hospital
- A long-term (chronic) illness, especially if the disease
interferes with what you are able to eat or drink.