There are over 100 surgeries described for
bunions. Research does not indicate which type of
surgery is best-surgery needs to be specific to your condition. More than one
procedure may be done at the same time.
The general types of bunion surgery include:
Removal of part of the metatarsal head (the part
of the foot that is bulging out). This procedure is called exostectomy or
Realignment of the soft tissues (ligaments) around
the big toe joint.
Removal of a small wedge of bone from the foot
(metatarsal osteotomy) or from the toe (phalangeal osteotomy) and moving the
bones into a more normal position.
Removal of bone from the end of
the first metatarsal bone, which joins with the base of the big
toe (metatarsophalangeal joint). At the metatarsophalangeal joint, both the big
toe and metatarsal bones are reshaped (resection
Fusion (arthrodesis) of the big toe
Fusion of the joint where the metatarsal bone joins the
mid-foot (Lapidus procedure).
Implant insertion of all or part of
an artificial joint.