Antibiotics can treat most
urinary tract infections (UTIs) successfully. The
goals of treatment for UTIs are to relieve symptoms, eliminate the infection
and prevent recurrence, and prevent unlikely but serious complications such as
kidney damage and
sepsis. In pregnant women, treatment protects the
woman and the fetus. The number of days your doctor will have you take
antibiotics depends on your infection and the type of antibiotic
uncomplicated bladder infections is usually a
antibiotics and home treatment. Home treatment
includes drinking a lot of water and fluids and urinating frequently, emptying
your bladder each time. More testing is not needed if your symptoms
Oral antibiotics usually can treat kidney infections
(pyelonephritis). But you may need a brief hospital
stay and a short course of
intravenous (IV) antibiotics if you are too ill or
nauseated to take medicine by mouth (oral medicine). Kidney infections tend to
make people more severely ill than bladder infections.
need more tests before and after treatment if you:
If you have a severe kidney infection, or if a bladder or
kidney infection is
complicated by other factors, you may need hospital
Treatment if the condition gets worse or recurs
urinary tract infection (UTI) does not improve after
antibiotics, you will need further evaluation and
additional antibiotic treatment.
If the infection spreads and
affects your kidney function or causes widespread infection (sepsis), you will need hospital care. These
complications are not common. And they rarely occur in people who are otherwise
healthy. People are at higher risk if they have an
impaired immune system,
diabetes, untreated urinary tract obstruction, and/or
other conditions that affect the kidneys or bladder.
infection, rather than a relapse of the same infection, usually is the cause of
a UTI that keeps coming back (recurs).
- Women with recurrent bladder infections may be treated with
preventive antibiotic therapy.
UTIs in men are usually a sign of prostate infection (prostatitis).
Chronic prostatitis can be hard to treat. For more information, see the topic
Prostatitis. Follow-up checkups are usually needed for men who have UTIs and are always needed if the infection recurs.