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Throughout the House continued...

9. Take care around uneven floor surfaces. “Be careful when you move from carpet to linoleum or hardwood, or over doorsills when moving between rooms,” says Kauffman. “That little half-inch rise can cause a fall.” A change in color between the carpet and floor may be enough to remind you of the change in floor surfaces, or put colored tape there as a reminder.

10. Keep items within easy reach. “Try to put the items you use most often at a level where you don’t have to bend down too far or reach too high,” says Pynoos. “Some people put small shelves under cabinets for glasses and cups and hang a few pots nearby so they don’t have to bend down to low shelves.” He also recommends putting a small shelf outside the house next to the front door. “You can put a parcel or grocery bag there when you’re opening the door, so you don’t have to put it on the ground.”

11. Use a stepstool. If you must get to something up high, make sure you have a sturdy stepstool with wide steps and a rail at the top to hold onto. Never use a chair or other household item not made for that purpose.

12. Wear the right shoes. Wear shoes with low, broad heels, non-slip soles, and good support for the ankles. Avoid wearing just socks or floppy, backless slippers around the house.

13. Keep floors clean but not slippery. If you wax your floors, this is a good time to stop. Floors should be smooth, but not slick. Clean up spills on floors immediately -- even with your foot and a towel, if necessary. And don’t walk on wet floors.

14. Rearrange furniture. Moving furniture can prevent falls and freshen up a room. Pay attention to how you move around in a room. Move any piece of furniture that might be in your way when you walk, especially low furniture such as coffee tables, footstools, and ottomans.

15. Buy a reacher. These inexpensive devices, available at hardware and medical supply stores, can serve a number of functions. They can help you reach something up high and pick up things off the floor. Some can help put on socks.