Using Bug Spray Safely continued...
Follow these additional tips when using insect repellents on children:
- Apply it to your hands and rub it on your child, instead of spraying.
- Don't apply repellents to parts of children's hands that are likely to have contact with eyes or mouth.
- Do not apply products with DEET to children more than once a day.
- Do not use combined repellent-sunscreen products.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines, products containing up to 30% DEET can be used on children two months of age and older. Picaridin can also be used on children as young as 2 months, but oil of lemon-eucalyptus cannot be used on children under 3 years old.
The most common indoor spider bite is that of the pale sac spider, which spins a silken sac web in the corners of ceilings and walls. The bad news is that they’re aggressive, abundant, and like to hang out where people do: in the house and garden. The good news about sac spiders is that their venom is not very toxic to people.
The most dangerous spiders in the U.S. are black widows and brown violin or brown recluse spiders. A black widow has a distinctive hourglass-shaped mark on the belly. A brown recluse has a violin-shaped marking on the back. If you’re bitten by either, it’s a medical emergency but rarely fatal.
Both black widows and violin spiders prefer warm climates. The black widow lives primarily in the Southern and Western United States. The violin spider is most commonly found in the Midwestern and Southern states. Both spiders like dark, dry, undisturbed places with easy access to flies.
Remember that most spiders, even black widows, usually bite out of self-defense -- if they’ve been squeezed or sat on by something much bigger, like you.
Preventing Spider Bites
To protect against spider bites, wear gloves, long sleeves, and long pants when working in areas where they like to hide. Watch where you put your hands and shake off clothing before you put it on or go inside.