Children are naturally dreamers. It's not unusual to find them staring out a window, lost in thought about some invented escapade. Daydreaming is how they create and explore new ideas.
Snapping back to reality can be more of a problem for some children than others, though. Kids with attention problems will stare off into space in the middle of class, preferring to stay lost in their own mind rather than return to the classroom. If trouble concentrating and focusing is a constant problem for your child, it could be a sign of ADHD.
Many children with ADHD have other conditions, such as anxiety, depression, and conduct disorder. They may be taking medications for that, as well as ADHD.
Doctors typically start patients on one medication at a time. They will then monitor your child to see how they respond to the medication and manage any side effects that may occur. Then they can add another medication if the first choice is not effective, or to address symptoms of another disorder.
After the other health problem is stable,...
Scientists aren't sure why some children have ADHD. They believe it has to do, at least in part, with genes. Kids who have a parent, sibling, or other close relative with ADHD are more likely to also have the condition.
Other possible causes of ADHD include:
Cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy