Children are naturally dreamers. It's not unusual to find them staring out a window, lost in thought about some invented escapade. Daydreaming is how they create and explore new ideas.
Snapping back to reality can be more of a problem for some children than others, though. Kids with attention problems will stare off into space in the middle of class, preferring to stay lost in their own mind rather than return to the classroom. If trouble concentrating and focusing are constant problems for your child, they could be signs of ADHD.
Getting any child up and out the door in time for school can be a trying experience, but if a child has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this process can make you want to pull your hair out.
Think about all that can go wrong: The backpack may not be where it was supposed to be or the dog may have literally eaten the homework. Suddenly, a child remembers he or she is supposed to bring something special to school or flat out refuses to wear a raincoat when it's monsooning. The list...
Scientists aren't sure why some children have ADHD. They believe it has to do, at least in part, with genes. Kids who have a parent, sibling, or other close relative with ADHD are more likely to also have the condition.
Other possible causes of ADHD include:
cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy
lead exposure during the preschool years
Behavioral Therapy for ADHD
Behavioral therapy is one way to address ADHD symptoms. In this approach, parents try to make changes in their child's behavior by giving rewards or withholding privileges.
The therapy can be done alone or along with medications.
Some techniques include:
withholding privileges or withdrawing rewards in response to unwanted behavior
combination of withholding privileges and positive reinforcement
Counselors, parents, and teachers can often work together to help the child focus and get organized.
Here are some helpful tactics you can try:
To-do lists. Create to-do lists of homework and household chores.
"Bite-size" projects. Break down projects and requests into small tasks. Instead of saying, "Do your homework," you might say, "Finish your math sheet. Than read one chapter of your English book. Finally, write one paragraph describing what you read."