Environmental Factors That May Influence Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Although there is no evidence that environmental factors
ADHD, they may influence how the disorder is
expressed. For example, although ADHD is not caused by "bad parenting," certain
parenting methods can improve or make worse some symptoms of the disorder.
Environmental factors that may influence how ADHD is expressed include:1
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Exposure of a fetus to smoking or
alcohol during pregnancy.
Greenhill LL, Hechtman LI (2009). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In BJ Sadock et al., eds., Kaplan and Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 9th ed., vol. 2, pp. 3560–3572. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Louis Pellegrino, MD - Developmental Pediatrics
February 2, 2012
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
February 02, 2012
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