Many children with ADHD have other conditions, such as anxiety, depression, and conduct disorder. They may be taking medications for that, as well as ADHD.
Doctors typically start patients on one medication at a time. They will then monitor your child to see how they respond to the medication and manage any side effects that may occur. Then they can add another medication if the first choice is not effective, or to address symptoms of another disorder.
Talking with your child about his ADHD isn't always easy. But it's important to do, and it goes better if you keep it productive and positive.
"I have two children with ADHD, so I can speak from experience here," says Terry Dickson, MD, director of the Behavioral Medicine Clinic of NW Michigan, and an ADHD coach. "The reason why you need to talk about your child's ADHD with him directly is because you want them to be involved, to understand, and to be on board."
These eight tips will help you talk...
After the other health problem is stable, then the ADHD medicine can be added, notes psychiatrist Alexander Strauss, MD. "The goal of ADHD medical treatment is to get an improvement of symptoms with the lowest dose and fewest side effects," Strauss says.
Is the Medication Working?
If the ADHD medicine is working and dosed correctly, you should notice a rapid improvement in your child's behavior, says psychiatry professor Steven Cuffe, MD, of the University of Florida College of Medicine in Jacksonville.
Your child may be more focused and better able to stay on task. You may also see improvements in his relationships, and he may be more tolerant.
If you're not seeing those changes, let your doctor know. The same goes for any other medications they're taking: If you're not seeing results, talk to your doctor.
5 Tips to Manage the Medications
Keep a medication diary. Write down all the medications your child takes, how much they take, when they take it, and any side effects. Review the diary with your child's doctor at follow-up appointments.
Create a medicine schedule. With the help of your child's doctor, create a schedule that shows when to take each drug. List the time, medication, and dose. Ask your doctor if it's OK for your child to take all the medicines at one time and at the same time each day.
Use a pill organizer. Organizers can help ensure medicines are taken daily. But keep the original prescription bottles so that you can refer back to the name of the medicine, how to take it, and the number of refills available.
Set an alarm. If your child has to take her medications at different times, set the alarm on your phone to remind you when it’s time to take a particular medication.
Give medicine with food. Unless your child's doctor says otherwise, give the medicine with food to minimize stomachache. If your child doesn’t like the way the medication tastes, try giving it with yogurt or applesauce.
Overcoming Side Effects
The most common side effects associated with ADHD medicines have to do with eating and sleep. Long-acting stimulants, in particular, may hamper their appetite.
"To overcome this, try to get calories in kids before school, after school, at dinner, and with a nighttime snack," Strauss says. "Feed your child a hearty breakfast in the morning and high-calorie snacks such as ice cream and milkshakes in the afternoon."