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"We will really only be able to compare these two drugs after several years of clinical use outside of studies," he says.
Stein, professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, was co-chairman the American Academy of Pediatrics committee that published new guidelines for the treatment of ADHD late last year. The group concluded that the available stimulant drugs are highly effective, but it added that behavioral techniques should also be used in school-aged children with ADHD.
"Drugs are used far more often than behavioral modification because there is good evidence that they work and they are much easier to administer," he tells WebMD. "But behavior modification can be very effective, and that is a main message in our statement. I would definitely encourage parents to seek out these treatments, whether their child is on medication or not."