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ADHD in Children Health Center

When to Call the Doctor About ADHD

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Many parents watch as their child struggles with sitting still, being attentive, and remembering important events. Parents may wonder whether the very active child has attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, and if it's time to call the doctor about ADHD.

A child, teenager, or adult with ADHD symptoms should always see a professional. That way he or she can get the needed assistance to lead a productive and satisfying life. If your child or someone you love is having problems with inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity, talk to your doctor. Discuss these ADHD symptoms, and ask if treatment is warranted.

What causes ADHD?

There is no known cause of ADHD. There is, though, research underway to determine the cause. Many experts say that some children are born with a genetic predisposition for this disorder. Others believe that ADHD is associated with environmental and social factors. And still others maintain that prenatal conditions or a brain injury after birth is the likely cause of ADHD.

Whatever the cause or causes, for those living with ADHD, life isn't easy. Children, adolescents, and even adults with ADHD struggle daily. Because of ADHD they need to cope with learning difficulties, social or relationship problems, and mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.

Does my child need help for ADHD?

The three key difficulties for those with ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Of course, many people struggle with one or more of these difficulties at some point in their life. Yet for someone with ADHD, getting through a normal daily routine with ADHD symptoms is a true challenge. The chart below summarizes some of the common symptoms of ADHD.

Symptoms of ADHD

Inattention

Hyperactivity

Impulsivity

Fails to pay attention, makes careless mistakes

Fidgets, squirms, has trouble remaining seated

Blurts out answers, does not wait for his or her own turn to speak

Does not appear to listen

Runs about or moves in inappropriate situations

Interrupts others

Does not follow through on tasks, is unorganized

 

Has trouble playing quietly

 

Loses things, is easily distracted and forgetful

 

Excessive talking

 

 

The American Psychiatric Association defined the criteria for diagnosing ADHD. Those criteria appear in the APA's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-V).

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