What Is Executive Function?
How to Manage Executive Function Problems
Here are some tips from the National Center for Learning Disabilities:
- Take a step-by-step approach to work.
- Rely on visual organizational aids.
- Use tools like time organizers, computers, or watches with alarms.
- Make schedules and look at them several times a day.
- Ask for written and oral instructions whenever possible.
- Plan for transition times and shifts in activities.
To improve time management:
- Create checklists and estimate how long each task will take.
- Break long assignments into chunks, and assign time frames for completing each one.
- Use calendars to keep track of long-term assignments, due dates, chores, and activities.
- Write the due date on the top of each assignment.
To better manage space and keep things from getting lost:
- Have separate work areas with complete sets of supplies for different activities.
- Organize the work space.
- Minimize clutter.
- Schedule a weekly time to clean and organize the work space.
To improve work habits:
- Make a checklist for getting through assignments. For example, a student's checklist could include such items as: get out pencil and paper; put name on paper; put due date on paper; read directions; etc.
- Meet with a teacher or supervisor on a regular basis to review work and troubleshoot problems.