FDA Highlights ADHD Drug Warnings
ADHD Drugs to Get Patient Medication Guides Noting Possible Heart, Psychiatric Risks
Feb. 21, 2007 -- The FDA today ordered all ADHD drug makers to print patient
medication guides warning of possible heart and psychiatric risks associated
with the drugs.
Those possible risks are already noted in the warning labels of all drugs
approved by the FDA to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity
The planned medication guides are "just written in language that is more
understandable for patients and their families," the FDA's Tom Laughren,
MD, told reporters in a news conference.
Laughren directs the division of psychiatric products at the FDA's Center
for Drug Evaluation and Research.
The FDA's action isn't meant to scare patients or their families, Laughren
"We consider these drugs quite safe, very effective, and in no way are
we trying to inhibit appropriate prescribing," Laughren says.
The guides are intended to give patients and their families "the
information that they need" to weigh the drugs' risks and benefits,
The FDA has drafted medication guides for each ADHD drug and will work with
drug companies to finalize the guides over the next month or so, Laughren
Pharmacists will give the medication guides to patients or their parents or
caregivers when ADHD prescriptions are filled.
The guides will note reports of sudden death in patients who have heart
problems or heart defects, reports of stroke and heart attack in adults, and
reports of increased blood pressure and heart rate.
It's not certain that ADHD drugs caused those problems, Laughren says.
The guides will also note the possibility of new or worsening psychiatric
problems such as hearing voices, becoming suspicious for no reason, or becoming
Those psychiatric problems are "quite rare," affecting about one in
a thousand patients, Laughren says.
Talk to Your Doctor
Before taking ADHD drugs, patients should tell their doctor about any
history of heart problems or psychiatric problems and get a thorough checkup,
says the FDA.
Patients should also report any new symptoms -- including shortness of
breath, chest pain, fainting, or other possible signs of heart trouble, as well
as any mental problems -- while taking ADHD drugs.
Doctors should regularly monitor patients' heart rate and blood pressure
during ADHD therapy, Laughren says.