Adults With ADHD Miss More Workdays
Study Measures Impact on Productivity Among Workers With ADHD
May 27, 2008 -- Adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) work 22 fewer workdays than their co-workers without the condition, according to a new study. The total takes into account days absent and days of low productivity.
"When you compare these people to other people of the same age, sex, and with the same education and see how they function [on the job], there is a substantial amount of role impairment in ADHD," says Ron Kessler, PhD, a co-author of the study and a professor of health care policy at Harvard Medical School.
The study was part of the World Mental Health Survey Initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO). It is published online ahead of print in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Kessler and his team screened more than 7,000 workers (including self-employed workers) aged 18 to 44. The workers described their performance on the job in the last month.
While ADHD is often thought of as a childhood problem, growing evidence suggests that a substantial number of adults have the condition and that it is underdiagnosed in adults. Those with ADHD find it difficult to concentrate due to their distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or forgetfulness.
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Adults With ADHD: The Findings
Though the WHO World Mental Health Surveys are conducted in 26 countries, the recent study assessed only 10 countries for the prevalence of adult ADHD, Kessler says, because these 10 were the only ones who "bothered to look at ADHD."
"What we discovered is a pretty substantial number of people have ADHD," says Kessler.
Overall, "we had about 3.4% of people who had ADHD."
Country by country, France had the highest percentage of ADHD among adult workers surveyed, followed by the U.S.; Spain had the lowest percentage.
The 10-country scorecard:
- France 7.3%
- U.S. 5.2%
- Netherlands 5.0%
- Belgium 4.1%
- Germany 3.1%
- Italy 2.8%
- Mexico and Colombia: 1.9%
- Lebanon 1.8%
- Spain 1.2%