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Allergies and Anaphylaxis

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What Is the Treatment for Anaphylaxis?

There is only one rapidly effective treatment for anaphylaxis -- epinephrine by injection. Epinephrine is adrenaline and it rapidly reverses anaphylactic symptoms. It is typically given through an automatic injection device. The most common and most effective injection site is the thigh. 

If you are near someone who is going into anaphylactic shock, call for professional medical help immediately. CPR and other lifesaving measures may be required.

In addition to epinephrine, treatment for shock includes intravenous fluids and medicines that support the actions of the heart and circulatory system. After a person in shock is stabilized, antihistamines and steriods may be given to further reduce symptoms.

How Can I Be Prepared for Anaphylaxis?

If you are allergic to bee stings or any other substances that cause anaphylaxis, you should always be prepared. Ask your doctor to prescribe an epinephrine injection kit and carry two with you at all times. It is also important to note that avoidance is the foundation and first step to preventing allergic reactions. Be sure to educate yourself on how to recognize and avoid potential triggers.

Also, it's important that you inform your health care provider of any drug allergies before undergoing any type of medical treatment, including dental care.

It is also a good idea to wear a medical alert bracelet or pendant, or carry a card that identifies your allergy. In cases of emergency, it could save your life.

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Luqman Seidu, MD on December 14, 2014
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