Skip to content

    Allergies Health Center

    Select An Article

    Dust Mite Mattress and Pillow Covers for Allergies

    Font Size

    Each adult person sheds about one and a half grams of skin every day. Dust mites are microscopic creatures that can live in your bedding and carpets and feed on this skin.

    Sound icky? It does explain why dust mite-proof pillow and mattress covers are your first line of defense against dust allergies!

    Recommended Related to Allergies

    Managing Allergies at School

    Does your child miss school due to allergies? If so, you're not alone. Seasonal allergies are believed to affect as many as 40% of U.S. children. On any given day, about 10,000 of those children miss school because of their allergies. That's a total of more than 2 million lost school days every year. Even if your child doesn't miss school, allergies can get in the way of a productive school day, so managing allergies at school is an important part of caring for your child's health.

    Read the Managing Allergies at School article > >

    Facts About Dust Mites

    Dust mites are everywhere -- anywhere there are people or animals, warm temperatures, and high humidity. They like to be indoors, where they can get plenty of food like mold spores and dead skin cells from people and pets.

    If you are sensitive or allergic to them, you may have:

    1. Watery, red eyes
    2. Runny or itchy nose and sneezing
    3. Sore throat or hoarse voice
    4. Coughing and other breathing problems
    5. Skin rash and itching
    6. Worsening of your asthma

    Dust mites settle down in carpet, draperies, stuffed animals, and upholstered furniture. Mattresses, pillows, and soft bedding are favorite hangouts.

    Dust Mite-Proof Covers

    Dust mite covers really work. One study found that some kids with asthma need less asthma medicine when they used mattress and pillow covers. Tests of their mattresses showed that dust mites colonies there dwindled. But never decrease your asthma medicine unless instructed by your doctor.

    You can find dust mite covers for mattresses, pillows, and box springs at mattress and allergy supply stores and in a variety of materials.

    • Plastic or vinyl covers with zippers help seal in allergens so you don't inhale them when sleeping.
    • Plastic or vinyl covers are easier to keep clean than covers made of natural fibers.
    • Many plastic covers have an outer layer of material like nylon to make them more comfortable.
    • If possible, cover your mattress and pillows when they are new.
    • Put duct tape or electrical tape over cover zippers to double-block dust-mites from coming and going.

    More Ways to Minimize Dust Mites

    • Use a bed with a wooden or metal frame.
    • Wash bedding in hot water. Cold water does not kill dust mites.
    • Wash sheets and pillowcases at least once a week. Wash comforters and bedspreads every one to two months.
    • Consider using an electric blanket, which can reduce humidity on bed surfaces.
    • Wash and dry stuffed animals often and keep them off beds.
    • Clean mattresses in late winter and early spring. That will kill any dust mites that survived the winter and reduce their numbers in the summer months.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on December 01, 2014
    Next Article:

    Today on WebMD

    man blowing nose
    Make these tweaks to your diet, home, and lifestyle.
    Allergy capsule
    Breathe easier with these products.
    cat on couch
    Live in harmony with your cat or dog.
    Woman sneezing with tissue in meadow
    Which ones affect you?

    blowing nose
    woman with sore throat
    lone star tick
    Woman blowing nose

    Send yourself a link to download the app.

    Loading ...

    Please wait...

    This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.


    Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

    cat lying on shelf
    Allergy prick test
    Man sneezing into tissue
    Woman holding feather duster up to face, twitching