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Cold & Allergy Quiz: Do You Know the Difference?

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Which of the following is a symptom of both colds and allergies?

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Which of the following is a symptom of both colds and allergies?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Coughing, sneezing, and a runny nose are among the symptoms that colds and allergies have in common. However, if you have yellow mucus with your runny nose, you may have a cold; allergies typically cause only a clear discharge.

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Watery, itchy eyes typically are symptoms of …

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Watery, itchy eyes typically are symptoms of …

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

If your coughing and sneezing is accompanied by an itchy, runny nose and itchy, watery eyes, chances are good that you have allergies. A cold typically doesn’t cause that itchy feeling.

Wheezing and shortness of breath can be associated with either a cold or allergies.

Wheezing and shortness of breath can be associated with either a cold or allergies.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Wheezing and shortness of breath can be caused by a cold or allergies if you have a respiratory condition, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Wheezing and shortness of breath also can be related to other infections of the respiratory tract, such as bronchitis and pneumonia.

A sore throat and a fever are indications that you may have…

A sore throat and a fever are indications that you may have…

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Allergies typically aren’t accompanied by fever, so if your temperature is elevated, your sore throat may be related to a cold or other infection.

Difficulty swallowing is a common symptom of a cold. 

Difficulty swallowing is a common symptom of a cold. 

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

If you have a sore throat and difficulty or pain with swallowing, you should see your doctor because that can be an indication of strep throat, which is caused by bacteria. Your doctor can do a test to find out if you have it, and if you do, your doctor can prescribe an antibiotic to treat it.

Cold symptoms accompanied by a fever of more than 102 F may be an indication that you have the flu. 

Cold symptoms accompanied by a fever of more than 102 F may be an indication that you have the flu. 

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Flu symptoms are similar to those associated with a cold (cough, stuffy nose, fatigue, and aches), but also can include a fever of more than 102 F, chills, and nausea. To treat flu, drink fluids and get plenty of rest to help your body fight the infection.

Antibiotics can shorten the duration of a cold or flu.

Antibiotics can shorten the duration of a cold or flu.

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Colds and flu are caused by viruses, not bacteria, so antibiotics don’t work against them. Drinking clear fluids and getting plenty of rest is the best remedy for both colds and flu. However, if you experience symptoms for longer than seven to 10 days or if they get worse instead of better, call your doctor; in some cases, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication to help shorten the length of time that you’re sick with flu.

How long do allergy symptoms typically last?

How long do allergy symptoms typically last?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Allergy symptoms may persist as long as you’re exposed to what’s causing them and aren’t taking medication for them or getting allergy shots. If the allergy is caused by something seasonal, such as tree pollen, your symptoms should clear up when the pollen goes away. If it’s caused by something that’s always present, such as a pet, the symptoms can be chronic.

Nasal spray decongestants should be used for no more than …

Nasal spray decongestants should be used for no more than …

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Nasal decongestants can help relieve the stuffy nose caused by either colds or allergies. But using nasal spray decongestants longer than three days can make nasal symptoms worse.

Which of the following over-the-counter cold medicines should NOT be given to children younger than 4?

Which of the following over-the-counter cold medicines should NOT be given to children younger than 4?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Children younger than 4 should not be given cough medicines (also known as antitussives or cough suppressants), and children of any age should not be given aspirin (because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome) or use decongestant nasal sprays.

Colds are more common in …

Colds are more common in …

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

You can get one any time of the year, but colds are most common in winter. This may be because people spend more time in concentrated areas inside, making it easier to spread germs through direct or indirect contact.

Pollen allergies are common in …

Pollen allergies are common in …

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Pollen from trees, grass, and weeds is present in spring, summer, and fall. Tree pollen often causes allergies in the spring (April and May); grass and weed pollen trigger allergies in the summer (late May to July); and ragweed is responsible for some fall allergies (late August until the first frost).

Which of the following allergy triggers is worse during humid or rainy weather?

Which of the following allergy triggers is worse during humid or rainy weather?

  • Your Answer:
  • Correct Answer:

Mold is fungi that grow where water collects. Outdoors this can mean on rotting logs or in compost or leaf piles; indoors it can grow in damp areas, such as bathrooms, kitchens, or basements. High levels of humidity or rainy weather can encourage mold growth and trigger allergies.

Your Score:     You correctly answered   out of   questions.
Your Score:     You correctly answered   out of   questions.
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RESULTS: Congratulations! You know your coughs and sneezes.

RESULTS: Not bad, but you might want to get a tissue and try the quiz again.

RESULTS: Keep trying. You might want to get a tissue and take the quiz again.

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