What are allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma?
Allergic rhinitis (often called hay fever) occurs when your
immune system overreacts to particles in the air that
you breathe-you are allergic to them. Your immune system attacks the particles,
causing symptoms such as sneezing and a runny nose. The particles are called
allergens, which simply means they can cause an
is a long-lasting condition that results in
difficulty breathing, wheezing, tightness in the chest, and coughing. When
allergens such as pollens,
animal dander, cockroaches, and mold make your
symptoms worse, it is known as
What are the risks of allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma?
Allergic rhinitis can affect your health if you do not
treat it. You may get
complications such as sinus infections, plugged ears
ear infections, and
If you do not control
allergic asthma, it increases your risk of complications from lung and airway
infections, such as
What are allergy shots?
When you get allergy
shots (immunotherapy), your
allergist or doctor injects small doses of substances
that you are allergic to (allergens) under your skin. This
eventually decreases your reaction to the allergen and, over time, may reduce
the symptoms of
allergic rhinitis. Allergy shots are available for
For more specific information about getting allergy
allergy shots for allergic rhinitis or
allergy shots for asthma.
information, see the topic
Asthma in Teens and Adults,
Asthma in Children, or