often occur in people who have a family history of asthma,
atopic dermatitis, or allergies to pollen, mold, or
other substances. These people are said to be
atopic, meaning they have an inherited tendency to
have allergic conditions. Allergies cannot be prevented in these people.
There isn't enough proof to recommend that people who are at risk for allergies should avoid common foods that cause allergies or foods that may be similar to common allergens like milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish, and shellfish.
Nearly a third of people living in the U.S. believe they have a food allergy, according to a recent study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association . But only 5% of children and 4% of teens and adults have true food allergies.
Why do many people think they have a food allergy when they don't?
Experts say it’s because people don’t understand what really constitutes a food allergy and they often misuse the term.
“Unfortunately, the term ‘allergy’ is sometimes used by the public...
If you are a
woman with a food allergy who is planning on a pregnancy and breast-feeding,
talk to your doctor about what foods to avoid while pregnant or nursing. But if you don't have food allergies, avoiding certain foods during your pregnancy isn't recommended as a way to prevent the baby from having food allergies.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all babies be
breast-fed for the first year of life or longer.1 For
babies with family members who have food allergies, breast-feeding only for at
least 4 months may help prevent allergies to milk.2 If
your baby is at high risk for allergies and you can't breast-feed, try a
hydrolyzed milk formula. The milk protein in hydrolyzed formulas is changed to
try to prevent allergies. There is no proof that giving your baby soy formula instead of cow's milk formula will prevent a food allergy in children at risk for food allergies.2
Tobacco smoke can make allergies worse, so it is important to have a smoke-free