Home treatment may relieve symptoms of
pain and pressure associated with short-term (acute)
sinusitis. Home treatment may improve drainage of
mucus from the sinuses and prevent the need for
Drink plenty of fluids to help keep your
Apply moist heat (using a hot,
damp towel or gel pack) to your face for 5 to 10 minutes, several times a
Breathe warm, moist air from a steamy shower, a hot bath, or a
sink filled with hot water. Avoid extremely cool, dry air. Consider using a
humidifier to increase the moisture in the air in your home.
saltwater nasal washes (saline lavage or irrigation)
to help keep the nasal passages open and wash out mucus and bacteria. You can
purchase saline nose drops or sprays at a pharmacy or make your own saline solution at
home. If you make saline at home, use distilled water or water that has been boiled and then cooled. It may also help to gargle with warm salt water.
over-the-counter medicines such as pain relievers and
decongestants (for example, nasal spray) to relieve symptoms. Cough and cold medicines may not be safe for young children or for people who have certain health problems. Before you use them, check the label. If you do use these medicines, always follow the directions about how much to use based on age and in some cases weight. Be
careful when using some nasal-spray decongestants. They usually should not be used for more than about 3
days. Longer use can lead to further swelling of the sinus membranes after the medicine wears off (called
rebound congestion), which makes pressure and swelling worse. You may end up dependent on the medicine
if you start using more and more of it to get rid of the pressure and swelling.
If you need to
blow your nose, do it gently. Forceful blowing may force thick mucus back into
your sinuses and block them. Keep both nostrils open when blowing your
Avoid alcohol. It causes swelling of the tissue lining the
nose and sinuses.
If you have chronic sinusitis, you'll probably need to
continue the above home treatment measures for a long period of time to keep
your sinuses clear.